SACKS, JONATHAN HENRY

SACKS, JONATHAN HENRY
SACKS, JONATHAN HENRY (1948– ), chief rabbi of the British Commonwealth, from 1991. Born in London, Sacks combined brilliant success in secular studies with his Jewish education. He obtained a doctorate in moral philosophy at London University in 1981 and was ordained from both Jews' College and Yeshivat Etz Ḥayyim in London, in 1976. After lecturing in moral philosophy at Middlesex Polytechnic, he taught Jewish philosophy and Talmud at Jews' College from 1973 to 1982 and served as the college's principal from 1984 to 1990. Simultaneously he was rabbi of Golders Green Synagogue, 1978–82, and Marble Arch Synagogue, 1983–90. He edited Tradition and Transition (1986) and Traditional Alternatives (1989), which stemmed from a major conference on contemporary Judaism that he convened in 1989. It was followed in 1990 by a gathering focused on women in Judaism. A frequent radio broadcaster, Rabbi Dr. Sacks delivered the prestigious Reith Lectures in 1990, subsequently published to wide acclaim as The Persistence of Faith (1991). He also published Tradition in an Untraditional Age (1991) and Covenant and Crisis: Jewish Thought after the Holocaust (1992). His broadcasts and publications established the new chief rabbi as a popular representative of Judaism, although this has not been matched by uniform acceptance among British Jews. He created controversy in 1985 with a pamphlet on Jewish attitudes to wealth and poverty, issued by the rightwing Social Affairs Unit. His scope for initiative in office was limited by a financial crisis in the United Synagogue and the polarization of Anglo-Jewry.   He disappointed Progressive Jews by declining to participate in a radio discussion if a Reform rabbi was included. He inaugurated an unprecedented review of the position of women in the United Synagogue, but his decision to permit women's prayer groups only outside the synagogue, and without use of a Scroll of the Law, was considered a conservative compromise. Popular hostility to the recognition of homosexuals within communal life led him to sanction their exclusion from a fund-raising event, dismaying liberal opinion. These controversies overshadowed his achievements in promoting Jewish learning under the banner "Decade of Renewal." (David Cesarani)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать курсовую

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Jonathan Sacks, Baron Sacks — Jonathan Sacks, London 2006 Jonathan Henry Sacks, Baron Sacks KT (* 8. März 1948 in London) ist derzeit britischer Großrabbiner. Sein offizieller Titel lautet Chief Rabbi of the United Hebrew Congregations of the Commonwealth. Sein hebräischer… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Jonathan Sacks — Infobox Rabbi honorific prefix = name = Jonathan Sacks honorific suffix = title = Chief Rabbi of the United Hebrew Congregations of the Commonwealth caption = Rabbi Sacks at the 2006 National Poverty Hearing began = 1991 ended = Incumbent… …   Wikipedia

  • Oliver Sacks — Sacks at the 2009 Brooklyn Book Festival. Born 9 July 1933 (1933 07 09) (age 78) London, England …   Wikipedia

  • Oliver Sacks — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Sacks. Traduction à relire …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Antisemitism — Part of a series on Discrimination General forms …   Wikipedia

  • History of antisemitism in the United States — Historians have long debated the extent of antisemitism in America s past and contrasted American antisemitism with its European counterpart. Earlier students of American Jewish life minimized the presence of antisemitism in the United States,… …   Wikipedia

  • Antisemitism in the United States — Jewish Americans have flourished in the United States, enjoying freedom and opportunity that have not been afforded to them in other countries. However, like other minorities, Jewish Americans have also suffered prejudice and oppression,… …   Wikipedia

  • football — /foot bawl /, n. 1. a game in which two opposing teams of 11 players each defend goals at opposite ends of a field having goal posts at each end, with points being scored chiefly by carrying the ball across the opponent s goal line and by place… …   Universalium

  • ENGLAND — The British Isles were unknown to the Jews until a late date, and the settlement of the Jews in medieval England was among the latest in Europe. It is possible that a small nucleus was to be found there under the Romans and that in the Saxon… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • religion — religionless, adj. /ri lij euhn/, n. 1. a set of beliefs concerning the cause, nature, and purpose of the universe, esp. when considered as the creation of a superhuman agency or agencies, usually involving devotional and ritual observances, and… …   Universalium

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”